10. Nigeria Airways Flight 2120
The 10th of deadliest aviation accidents took place on 11th July, 1991 when chartered passenger Nigeria Airways Flight 2120, crashed on its way from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, to Sokoto, Nigeria, shortly after take-off from King Abdulaziz International Airport. It killed all 261 people on board (247 passengers, 14 crew members). The reason for the crash was later discovered as under inflated tire which overheated, leading to a fire. When the aircraft was at an altitude of 671 metres (2201 ft), a number of bodies were seen falling from it.
9. China Airlines Flight 140
On 26th April, 1994, passenger flight China Airlines Flight 140 crashed due to a stall caused by pilot error. It killed 264 people out of 256 people on board, including both passengers and crews. Although, by 27th April, there were 10 people alive, but by 6th May, there were only 7 people who survived the injuries, including 3 children.
8. American Airlines Flight 587
The 8th of deadliest aviation accidents involved passenger flight American Airlines Flight 587 which crashed on November 12, 2001, shortly after take-off on its way from John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City to Santo Domingo's Las Américas International Airport in the Dominican Republic. It resulted in the death of 265 people, including 5 people on the ground. All the 251 passengers and 9 crew members were killed. The reason for the crash was later reported as tail structure failure due to co-pilot error while encountering wake turbulence. Due to the similar location and time of the crash to that of 9.11 attack, many people thought it as a terrorist attack, but later this was ruled out as a rumour.
7. Malaysia Airlines Flight 17
Passenger flight Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 crashed on its way from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur on 17th July, 2014 after being shot down. All the 283 passengers and 15 crew members were killed, putting the death toll to 298. According to American and German intelligence sources, the plane was shot down by pro-Russian insurgents using a Buk surface-to-air missile fired from the territory which they controlled. It drew widespread media coverage and was touted as one of the heinous terrorist aviation act .
6. Saudia Flight 163
The sixth amongst deadliest aviation accidents occurred on 19th August, 1980 when passenger flight Saudia Flight 163 caught fire after take-off from Riyadh International Airport (now the Riyadh Air Base) on a flight to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. All 301 people on board including 287 passengers and 14 crew members perished in the accident. Till date, it is the deadliest aviation disaster that did not involve a crash on impact or mid-flight break up.